Volume 6, Issue 12 (3-2017)                   mth 2017, 6(12): 111-122 | Back to browse issues page

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Soheili Esfahani B, Marasy M. The Study of 5 Selected Works of 9th to 11th Century AD Nishapur Pottery Comparing with Minimalism Ideas. mth. 2017; 6 (12) :111-122
URL: http://mth.aui.ac.ir/article-1-652-en.html
1- Faculty of Arts, Shahed University.
2- Faculty of Arts, Shahed University. , .marasy@shahed.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3796 Views)

Among multiple discovered Nishapur pottery works of 9th to 11th century AD, there are samples which differ from the others in aesthetic aspects. Their creators may have followed other aesthetic rules presumably. In these cases, there are not lots of ornamentation, vibrant colors and prevalent motifs of their period. And also empty spaces and a kind of stillness play an important role in them unlike previous ones. In short, minimalist characteristics have been applied in their embellishment. The 5 pottery works which are selected by purposive sampling and compared with the ideas of minimalism in this study are selections of this Nishapur potteries group which indicate the aforementioned characteristics. In this article, which has been done through descriptive-analytical method with comparative approach, it is tried to answer this question that whether the Nishapur selected pottery works correspond with aesthetic features of minimalism. The researchers classified the ideas of minimal art on the basis of Loredana Parmesani’s thoughts at first into 18 and then into 10 categories and then provided a self-made questionnaire based on Delphi method of sampling and distributed them among 5 art faculty members of Shahed University in order to determine the amount of correspondence between these pottery works and minimalism ideas. Afterwards, the percentage of correspondence was presented by quantifying the information. The results of this study clarify that the amount of correspondence between these pottery works and minimalism ideas is significant and about 78% to 84%. Therefore, they can be considered as minimalist artworks about 900 years before minimalism emergence. It is necessary to mention that all of the 10 properties don’t exist even in very famous minimalism works entirely. Considering this 900-year difference between these two phenomena indicated that the reasons of this similarity have mutual ideas, similar aesthetic rules and tendency to simplification and reduction. The results also indicated that among the minimalism Ideas, 2 properties of “simple form and non-use of multiple forms simultaneously” and “minimum color” exist more in the samples with one hundred percentage. The results also emphasize on the importance and necessity of recognition of Iranian culture and art in order to identify its aesthetic criteria.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Applied Arts

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