Volume 9, Issue 18 (1-2020)                   mth 2020, 9(18): 89-105 | Back to browse issues page


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Panjebashi E, Ghavamipour M. A Comparative Study of Abulvafa Buzjani's Views on the Geometric Structure of Qajar Marriage Certificate. mth. 2020; 9 (18) :89-105
URL: http://mth.aui.ac.ir/article-1-1358-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Art, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran. , e. panjehbashi @alzahra. ac.ir
2- MA, Painting, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2076 Views)
Marriage certificates are classified as linear documents that have been written in both the scroll and booklet forms since Qajar era. These documents apart from their potential value and rich history contain valuable information regarding Qajar-era visual tastes and the principles governing writing, the arrangement and beauty of manuscripts. Each of the scroll and booklet types of these documents has their own unique system. This study investigates the scroll type of marriage certificates. The arrangement of these documents is inspired by the Qajar Qur'an as well as the books of this period. The rules of drawing up the certificates in all examined samples are not fixed, except in general cases, each has its own structure. The layout is similar in most cases, but some changes in the ornamentation of the head are visible which are designed for each certificate. The square of the head is usually decorated with motifs such as flowers, chickens and embroidery. The authors attempted to answer these questions: What is the geometric system governing Qajar marriage certificates? What effect did the geometry principles of Abulvafa Buzjani, the fourth century A.H  scientist on designing the manuscripts? The results of this study show that the rules of Buzjani geometry were observed in drawing tables and decorating the square of the head in the marriage certificates of that period of time. Determining the boundaries of the margins is in this way: the size of the table surfaces is a multiple of the whole, and the right margin is always larger than the left margin. Most likely, this classification was done to set the place of witnesses' signature. The present study investigates three marriage certificates belonging to the Qajar era, by the descriptive-analytical method. In these documents, nine principles of Buzjani's geometry system which include drawing octagonal in square, drawing square in a square with one half area, dividing lines into equal parts, drawing square, drawing parallel lines, drawing spiral, splitting segments, drawing right angle, and quadrilateral knot are investigated.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Applied Arts

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