Volume 7, Issue 13 (9-2017)                   2017, 7(13): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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The comparative analysis of the illumination of the Frontispieces in Shiraz School Manuscripts Injuid and Timurid dynasties. Scientific Journal of Motaleate-e Tatbighi-e Honar. 2017; 7 (13)
URL: http://mth.aui.ac.ir/article-1-721-en.html

Abstract:   (652 Views)

 The present study is sought to examine the components of illumination of the Frontispieces (including the illuminated Frontispieces, preface illuminated Frontispieces) of the Injuid dynasty of Shiraz School and Timurid Shiraz School. The aim of the present study is to explain the main reasons of change of dominating approach and tastes towards the royal scripting of the manuscripts throughout a century within the identical origins. In addition, the present study compares the structural and formal characteristics of these two historical periods. In the matter of this issue, the present research study is sought to answer the following research questions:

1-  What were the reasons of the composition development and illustrated devices of Frontispieces of Shiraz School within the period of 100 years?

2-  What kinds of changes have been applied to the patterns of the Frontispieces (including the illuminated Frontispieces and preface illuminated Frontispieces) of the Injuid dynasty of Shiraz School and Timurid Shiraz School?

The present study has employed the descriptive-analytical methodologies. The results of the study indicate the inevitable impact of the kingdom on the art through these historical periods. Injuid dynasty’s illumination has been covert in Iranian identity and has been shaped on the basis of the established motifs in the past mental images. In this regard, the Timurid illumination has been built on the fusion of heritage and cultural standards of the city which has was alien to the accepted traditions of that period. In Timurid period issues such as cultural and economic policies, perfectionist inclinations of Shiraz rulers, total domination on the Samarkand land, and prevalence of Nastaliqe fonts, individualistic attitudes based on illumination artist’s thoughts and the innovation of noble patterns for illation of manuscripts, have led to many changes of illumination within the century. These changes are formed in terms of the color tastes, development of the geometrical structures, delicacy of the formal properties and application of different executive techniques. This, in fact, promulgates a united pattern and a disciplined structure in the realm of the illumination in Shiraz School in the first half of the 9th century A.H.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: هنرهای کاربردی

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